Non-Infectious Disease and Disorders

Students engage with the study of non-infectious disease and disorders, including their causes and effects on human health. They explore technologies and their uses in treating disease and disorders as well as the epidemiology of non-infectious disease in populations.

This module examines the practical applications of STEM. It looks at the importance of understanding the multidisciplinary nature of science applications. It also examines physiology and engineered solutions to problems related to the management of human disorders.

Biology Syllabus p.56 

 
 

Homeostasis

How is an organism's internal environment maintained in response to a changing external environment?

construct and interpret negative feedback loops that show homeostasis by using a range of sources, including but not limited to: (ACSBL101, ACSBL110, ACSBL111)
– temperature (ACSBL098)
– glucose

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investigate the various mechanisms used by organisms to maintain their internal environment within tolerance limits, including:
– trends and patterns in behavioural, structural and physiological adaptations in endotherms that assist in maintaining homeostasis (ACSBL099, ACSBL114)
– internal coordination systems that allow homeostasis to be maintained, including hormones and neural pathways (ACSBL112, ACSBL113, ACSBL114)
– mechanisms in plants that allow water balance to be maintained (ACSBL115)

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Causes and Effects

Do non-infectious diseases cause more deaths than infectious diseases?

 

investigate the causes and effects of non-infectious diseases in humans, including but not limited to:
– genetic diseases
– diseases caused by environmental exposure
– nutritional diseases
– cancer

 

 
 

collect and represent data to show the incidence, prevalence and mortality rates of non-infectious diseases, for example:
– nutritional diseases
– diseases caused by environmental exposure

Click on the title to view Clair Patterson's 1965 article on Lead.

Click on the title to view Clair Patterson's 1965 article on Lead.


Epidemiology

why are epidemiological studies used?

analyse patterns of non-infectious diseases in populations, including their incidence and prevalence, including but not limited to:
– nutritional diseases
– diseases caused by environmental exposure

 

investigate the treatment/management, and possible future directions for further research, of a non-infectious disease using an example from one of the non-infectious diseases categories listed above

 

evaluate the method used in an example of an epidemiological study

 

evaluate, using examples, the benefits of engaging in an epidemiological study


Prevention

How can non-INFECTIOUS DISEASES BE PREVENTED?

use secondary sources to evaluate the effectiveness of current disease-prevention methods and develop strategies for the prevention of a non-infectious disease, including but not limited to:

– educational programs and campaigns

– genetic engineering